In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Grande Strategy

Ideas for KPK: PTI Policy Brief

7/15/2013
M. Hussain, m.hussain@grandestrategy.com

A lot of Pakistanis had high hopes for PTI. Many overseas Pakistanis with highly specialized knowledge wished to share and help PTI and Pakistan. Unfortunately, many of us have been highly disappointed to find often the same mentality and sickness in PTI as we commonly find in other Pakistani organizations and institutions. As an Assistant Coordinator in the Insaf Research Wing, I have first hand witnessed how talented and highly skilled came with the greatest motivation to help PTI, but after seeing the treatment to IRWs papers and ideas, they have now left in disgust. 

Recently, even after much disappointment, I was able to get a team to work on ideas for KPK. I promised them that the paper would get to Asad Umar, who is in the KPK development committee.  We diligently wrote the paper, spending days of our time, and when it was sent to him, we received a message from his Blackberry that he had forwarded it to an underling for the underlings consideration. If Imran Khan puts people like this in important positions, how can PTI ever work? 

How can an underling be given the paper for "analysis" when a person is in the development committee of KPK? If anyone who is a reasonably concerned individual who is in the committee to develop KPK, PTI's first chance to make an impression of itself, simply passes on these papers to an underling, what kind of message does that send? We, like all our previous papers, never received any acknowledgement, questions, or even the faintest sign that our papers have been remotely read.

This reminds me of what Gen. Pasha said about the Pakistani establishment and reading. If PTI is in the same boat, what in the world are we spending our time, resources and energies on? 

Later we found that policy plans were being made that sounded ridiculous and plain stupid. Plan to plant flowers in Peshawar, plans to give cash handouts... what kind of rubbish is this? Recently we heard about attracting Overseas Pakistanis to invest in KPK. Our plan had outlined this in detail...

In any case, I was unable to keep my word with the team I built to write this paper, at the very least, I am sharing this perhaps last of IRW papers here.


DOWNLOAD SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS  DOC1   DOC2   DOC3   DOC4   DOC5 


 

This policy brief outline some select solutions that PTI’s KPK government may pursue to fulfil her mandate. The centrepiece of this policy brief is energy, given that energy is at the core of the other major problems such as economic development and employment. There are two categories of policies outlined, including large scale hydel solutions and small scale, yet scalable Personal Wind Turbines (PWTs) and other sustainable energy solutions.
PWT and other sustainable solutions such as permaculture outlined in this paper focus on people self-empowerment rather than government dependence. They provide a solution well-matched to KPK residents’ cultural characteristics. The e-commerce solution also taps into that same culture of self-sufficiency and independence.
Funding KPK development is also outlined around Overseas Pakistani sources, creating an effective financial mechanism for Pakistanis to invest in KPK’s development profitably. This is a novel alternative to conventional funding sources. The Overseas Pakistan resource pool is also considered in terms of human resources in volunteering for KPK’s development initiatives, including in the education sector. These include, for instance, a teaching and mentoring program and a healthcare initiative.
E-commerce and a mechanism for garnering business and investments to KPK are also outlined. The policy brief ends with some fundamental considerations of the legitimacy of the state problem vis-à-vis present non-state threats and actors.


 





This policy paper looks to share our vision on transforming KPK from the energy starved, wasteful, corrupt and strife-struck province that is best known in the world for AK-47s, refugees and the borderlands where the War On Terror is taking place, into into the model citadels of the future, which would show the rest of Pakistan what PTI is capable of, and what KPK’s true potential is. Without further ado, let us get to the meat of that vision straightaway.
The common man on the street has essentially the following major problems in his mind: 1) Law-and-order; 2) Employment; 3) Inflation; 4) Energy; and 5) Corruption. We cannot hope to tell PTI much about fighting corruption, as Imran Khan and PTI certainly have those experts and expertise well within their reach. There is also little relevance in talking about inflation, as we do not hold power in the centre.
We are thus left with law-and-order, employment and energy. The central thesis of this policy paper is energy because, energy is the lynchpin that can stabilize the economy and help employment, which, along with the drive against corruption can bring legitimacy and faith to the provincial government, in turn solving the law-and-order situation.
Double Bracket: Energy is the lynchpin that can stabilize the economy and help employment, which, along with the drive against corruption can bring legitimacy and faith to the provincial government, in turn solving the law-and-order situation.

While there are a number of possible solutions to the large-scale energy question, for KPK, hydel is the most pragmatic and cost effective way forward, given KPK’s hydrology and topography.  Our suggestion is to focus on hydel coupled with some wind and solar options.  The key here is to look at large scale solutions that can yield economies of scale and scope.
To finance these projects, we shall consider how Overseas Pakistanis can be mobilized in the section on Funding. We suggest that this is the best way forward, rather than waiting for World Bank or Asian Development Bank funding. PTI government would be ideally placed to attract investments from Overseas Pakistanis.
Possible strategies towards mitigating the power shortfall in country through exploring resources in KPK are outlined below. There are three key pillars towards a strategy: the supply side or the generation side, the demand side or the consumptions and the usage behaviour or the policy side. Each one the avenues will offer multiple solutions which can be individually viewed for their merits and pursued accordingly but each driver is important and must not be ignored.
The table on the next page sums up as a way of structuring our approach:

Technology
Detail
Advantage
Challenge
Initial CAPEX
Unit Generation Cost
Feasible Location
Countries as Case Study
Geothermal
Geothermal energy is the heat from the Earth. Resources of geothermal energy range from the shallow ground to hot water and hot rock found a few miles beneath the Earth's surface, and down even deeper to the extremely high temperatures of molten rock called magma.
Base Load Generation (stable) , Clean and Sustainable
Need technology and expertise import initially. Fields are developed through detailed geological studies which is time consuming.
High
Very Low
Along Indus Basic stretching for northern areas to central Sind.
Iceland, California USA and Indonesia.
Wind
Converts kinetic energy from the wind, into mechanical  energy
Scalability, simple technology
Intermittent. Seasonal and time-of-day variation in power generation.
Low-Medium
Low
Gharo Sind, Kalar-Kahar and costal belt.
Germany, India, China, USA.
Solar Photovoltaic
solar photovoltaic (PV) captures the sun's light energy using photovoltaic cells
Suitable for urban and rural environment, passive system, low maintenance
Day time generation only. Small scale solutions are most effective.
High
High
All over Pakistan.
Western Europe.
Biofuels
a type of fuel whose energy is derived from biological carbon fixation. Biofuels include fuels derived from biomass conversion, as well as solid biomass, liquid fuels and various biogases.
Simple technology. Wide range of possible fuels depending on local supply – demand dynamics. Can be extracted through cultivated crops of trees & crops.
Generally requires labor intensive processes. Impact on supply-demand dynamics including at times food supply.
Low
Low-Medium
Agriculture belt of Punjab & sind. Some bio-fuel crops can be grown over deserts.
Brazil, India
Solar Thermal
a technology for harnessing solar energy for thermal energy (heat)
Wide application – from water, indoor heating to power generation. Scalable and simpler technology.
Useful during day time only, weather dependant.
Medium-High
Low
Most of Pakistan.

Spain, Morocco.
Hydel
A technology for harnessing potential & kinetic energy of water into mechanical energy.
Base Load generation, scalable, flexible based on topology
Ecological impact and seasonal variation.
Low - Very High
Low
Northern areas, KPK and Punjab.
Asia-Pacific.
Thermal – Coal, Gas, Oil
Converts chemical energy into thermal 
Base Load generation, efficient, flexible in location & scale
Polluting & non -renewable
Medium
High
Sind
India
Nuclear
use of sustained exothermic nuclear processes to generate
heat and electricity
Base load generation, cleaner
Political & environmental challenges.
Very High
Medium
Punjab, Sind
France, USA

Hydel should be the centerpiece of any strategy to mitigate the energy shortfall, as KPK is ideally suited for hydel power generation and hydel historically provides the most cost effective power generation payoff. KPK should ideally build Dasu, Pattan and Thakot ROR hydro-electric power plants. This can generate approximately 10,000 MW of cheapest electricity for KPK. When we consider that KPK’s present consumption of electricity is only at about 3000 MW, the magnitude of this potential becomes apparent. With appropriate funding, it is estimated that these three dams can be built simultaneously within five years.
In addition to these three dams, Swat river has some more sites that can be developed depending upon the circumstances. These may additionally be considered.
Pumped Storage for Storing Power
KPK is ideally suited for building a "pumped storage reservoir" for renewable energy sector. It will need a small high level lake with reversible turbine-pumps. This can help balance power usage during the year, providing a strategic storage capacity.
Large Wind Turbines
KPK has a wind corridor north of Peshawar where wind speeds are decent to have large wind turbine farms. As an example Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, in the US, produces 845 megawatt (MW) and covers areas of 78 km2Although it requires large space, the output is high and would have no socio-political impact since wind turbines do not interfere with the environment. Large wind turbine farms require many wind turbines to be installed on farms. This can be used as an opportunity to ask large wind turbine manufacturers to have an engineering/manufacturing facility in KPK which will also provide employment to locals.
Biofuel
Since Pakistan is still largely agrarian, the use of cattle is immense in the country. Even in KPK alone, the amount of cattle waste can be significant. In many parts of Pakistan, biofuel is being utilised for years to cook food. The same can be done on a more organised manner. As a policy, a proper mechanism can be made to get/buy animal waste so that it can be used for power production. Either a price can be set to buy the animal water from farmers or it can traded for some other product/service for them. A mechanism has to be in place to check to see the quality (i.e. sand mix, trash etc).
Solar Collectors
Although KPK has relatively low solar flux, it is still worth looking at having Solar Collectors to produce power. As an example, Shams Solar Power Station in Abu Dhabi produces 100 MW and covers an area of 2.5 km2. Solar collectors require relatively basic expertise hence they can be established with minimal expert help from overseas.

The psyche of Pakistan, particularly of KPK residents, has always been one of independence and self-sufficiency. The energy crisis in the country, of a major shortfall in energy and exponentially increasing costs has left people feeling helpless, the exact opposite of their independent nature.
Northern rim KPK has good wind and solar potential, and while the KPK government may also wish to invest in generating electricity using those means, we advocate that the initial thrust of the solar and wind initiatives should be to enable the establishment of a green alternative energy cottage industry.
Such an initiative would allow KPK residents to buy low-cost solutions and empower them, touching upon their independent nature and the present helpless frustration with the government provided energy solutions.
Of the two renewable alternative energy options, we advocate wind as the more important priority, even while supporting both technologies, given that with modern advances in aerodynamics, wind turbines have become the most cost-effective energy source in the renewable energy industry. 
This paper proposes the establishment of a small scale cottage industry. The basic proposal is to empower residents with their own power production, what we shall refer to as Personal Wind Turbines (PWTs). For an individual household, 350[W] can be generated by a single PWT. To put things in perspective, 350[W] can run 3 fans and 3 energy savers.  In real terms, this can make a huge difference for a family whose children need to study, or for whom the heat becomes unbearable in the summer months. Such PWT kits can be manufactured by local companies at a cost of about $1000 per unit at present.
PWTs are beneficial because they
·         Reduce energy intake from the powerhouses hence less load on them
·         Save users in electricity bill
·         Are a renewable source of energy so it helps protect the environment
·         Do not require large capital to own
·         Have low operating cost and low noise compared to fossil fuel (diesel, gasoline, natural gas) generators
·         Do not need complex grid system and would easily hook-up with existing UPS systems
·         Would help the local industry if made domestically (which can be easily done)

There are many other alternative short term sources that can be used but they do not compare feasibly with PWTs. Solar power is a popular type that is being used but it has maintainability issues in a country like Pakistan, and not to mention the high cost associated with it. It is estimated that the PWTs would have better power to cost ratio than available solar panels. For more details beyond the scope of this briefing, please see the paper “Personal Use Wind Turbines” by Sayem Zafar.
In places where water streams, channels or rivers are available, small Pelton wheels can also be used to generate electrical power. A small Pelton wheel is relatively easy to manufacture with local expertise. A UPS system is what would be required with the Pelton wheel; something which is available in huge numbers in Pakistan.
The solar flux in KPK is decent enough to use solar panels. The advanced variants of solar panels are (PV-T) that has the capability to heat up fluids (air or water) as well. This added advantage can be very useful for places like KPK as heat is required during winter. Some of the Chinese variants are relatively inexpensive. 
Fuel cells can be used for localized/community backup heating and power demands. They are expensive hence it could be a bit difficult for an individual to buy and operate. A 1200 W fuel cell stack from Heliocentris (excluding battery and a UPS type system) is Rs. 1,180,000. It gives 1200 W of electricity PLUS 1500 W of heat. So in winter, it is very useful. The fuel cell requires high quality hydrogen which could be a limiting factor for some. Localised manufacturing is difficult as it is still an emerging technology.   
We advocate that the government take an important policy step to allow people to sell their solar power to the government.
Storage of electricity makes wind, solar and micro hydro costly for private sector. A policy to allow two-way meters can revolutionize things, empowering KPK residents to either lower their electricity bills or even make a net profit from supplying electricity to the grid. Electricity production can become a cottage industry, with people installing their own Windmills, solar panels and Pelton wheels to boost national output. Such meters can run backwards to buy extra solar electricity produced during day time, to be used back at night, solving costly electricity storage problems for micro-power producers.
Another key idea is Wheeling: a concept of installing generation capacity in areas which are most feasible for generation, and getting equivalent power from grid where demand exists.  Just imagine - Mian Munsha running his textile mills in Faisalabad from a hydro station constructed in Swat!  One of the authors of this paper, Waqas Manzoor previously worked for a Telecom company in Pakistan who was actively looking to construct a 50MW hydro-station in KPK to offset the power demand for its cell sites spread all over Pakistan (and earn carbon credits as a bonus)- all possible if the national grid allows for power Wheeling. This can be effective tool of attracting investment from private companies within Pakistan.

To start such a small scale cottage industry successfully, we need to create a vision of its large-scale underwritings. Thus far, green and sustainable energy initiatives have largely had little impact in the overall energy initiative. We can create a lot of hoopla by doing a project that has minimal real impact, while providing us with some public relations material but we would then be no better than other parties.
Fact of the matter is, proposing wind turbines in Pakistan is not a new idea. This has been proposed countless times, and firms from Canada, Turkey, China, US have even had joint ventures to set up wind farms. Design and manufacturing of wind turbines has largely remained outside Pakistani hands, where local partners have been essentially been minor component manufacturers and assemblers.
To really create a vision of a scalable wind turbine cottage industry with our proposed PWT, we need to actually build and manufacture wind turbines at a large scale, without dependence of key components and designs from outside. Such a policy would require the KPK government to step in and create those fundamental programs that can take us beyond.
KPK has a number of industrial strengths particularly Heavy Industries Taxila and the new industrial complexes in Kamra. Kamra is home of Pakistan’s most successful industrial project in recent years, the manufacturing of the JF-17 fighter aircraft, one of the most cost effective fighters in the world. This provides us with a very good technical resource, including aeronautical engineering skills and facilities that can help design an optimal wind turbine for KPK’s specific wind and atmospheric conditions.
This thus provides the area with a strong engineering and industrial background. Simply put, we propose that this industrial and engineering background be utilized to mass manufacture PWT kits.
We propose that such a project be financed through the Overseas Pakistan Investment Fund (OPIF) discussed in Section 6.1. The idea is that such a project is initiated by the KPK government, and later divested to the investors that invest in this project. This way, the fundamental basis for a meaningful primary manufacturer level wind turbine industry is established without the accoutrements of government inefficiencies creeping in. 

Permaculture is knowledge and method that allows the most efficient utilization of natural resources for food production with the lowest cost with the most sustainable architecture and self-maintained means possible. Permaculture has made desert bloom in the Middle East. Just as personal wind turbines would empower KPK residents with energy production, permaculture would help empower food, whose prices are among the most complained about among the common people. Backyards, rooftops and barren lands can be converted to provide significant percentage of household nutrition.
If Permaculture is taught to the masses, and its basic tools and implements made widely available, people could initiate their own green revolution. With high levels of unemployment and large portions of a family, particularly women, who are not productively employed outside, permaculture can help tap into the human resource and help people empower themselves.
Text Box: 1 Each yard has a vegetable garden and neighbors consult and plan what each will grow so they can trade. Imagine if we did this in KPK’s seven new cities.PTI is planning to build seven new model cities in KPK. If permaculture and sustainable development principles are built into those seven model city plans, they could provide a far better future and show that PTI is better and different from PML’s blind and unimaginative building strategies.
Two stories:
In 1960s the Cuban missile crisis brought the tiny state of Cuba to face the wrath of American might over some nuclear missiles that the then USSR had placed in Cuba. Cuba was placed under a complete naval blockade by the American navy with a clear assumption that a small tiny island state- which was entirely dependent on FUEL & FOOD supplies from USSR- would not be able to survive for any significant time. The American warning was clear - "remove Castro and his government or you all die of hunger in days!"
The Cuban response : rather than protesting, plundering or trying to overthrow a government ( and they knew they would die of hunger ) started planting vegetables on their rooftops, balconies and foot-paths of the streets! Instead of dying, as the American has warned - not only they achieve self-sufficiency in food production but even TODAY over 50-60% of all food consumed in Havana (capital of Cuba) is grown within the city limits! On their roofs, patios, any corner that can be spared.
Today the world calls this as the "Rooftop farming/gardening technology" and has all the fancy jargons, complications, calculations, and costs associated with the new world green solutions.
The story gets even more aspiring: a few years ago, Dr. Doshi who was a retired chemical engineer in India, took up the rooftop gardening solution and localized it to the Indian environment. He turned it into a really cheap way for poor in India to grow their own food on their rooftops. His own roof, a 1000 sq. ft. space, produces 5 KGs of fruits and vegetables every day! Best part: he published his simple techniques in a small book written in Hindi and sold it to the nation at Rs. 2 per copy - now that's creating an impact!

An increasing number of people are working online worldwide, rather than in a traditional workplace. People empowered by the internet can find their own jobs, and work for themselves by start their own businesses. What stop ordinary Pakistanis from gaining access to this employment resource are actually small technicalities; that can only be overcome by a government. These include:
1. Access to payment mechanisms.
2. Access to marketplaces.
3. Access to communication services.
Thus, for instance, Paypal and other payment services are not properly functional because of a lack of agreements and modalities. eBay and other online marketplaces are not enabled for Pakistan. Google and a number of Google services again remain out of the reach of Pakistan. If the KPK government liaise with the major e-commerce enabling companies and work through the difficulties, they could help break that barrier. Combined with E-commerce training, the KPK government could enable employment seeking constituents with the tools to find employment for themselves in the global job market.
At the same time, major e-commerce enablers that allow people to do business with each other can be built specifically for KPK. These can include KPK versions for eBay, Paypal, Craig’s List and Monster.
The two largest barriers to e-commerce in Pakistan and KPK are the lack of an easy and simple payment mechanism and an effective postal and delivery system. Mail in Pakistan often never reaches, or valuables are stolen. Comprehensively overhauling the postal service in KPK would go a long way in enabling e-commerce. There is however a question on KPK’s provincial government’s writ over Pakistan Post. Nevertheless, any meaningful e-commerce development can only come about when these two key areas are addressed.
E-commerce can particularly help women in KPK to gain employment, as often the culture dictates that women cannot go out to work as easily as men, and working women often face a social backlash. This could again allow the KPK government to tap into an unused human resource to better the province.
We propose that an Overseas Pakistan Investment Fund (OPIF) be established that allows Pakistanis to invest in the development of KPK. It is estimated that the investment potential of Overseas Pakistanis runs in the billions of dollars. This source of funding has largely been untapped because of rampant government corruption, political instability and lack of transparency.
PTI and Imran Khan remain key sources of legitimacy and hope for overseas Pakistanis and we believe that PTI will effectively be able to tap this resource as long as they remain competitive, legitimate and transparent.
The vision for such a fund would be to offer a legitimate chance to invest in different sectors of KPK initiatives as an investment partner in building KPK and Pakistan. OPIF would offer a choice of different sectors and projects where funding could be placed. As those projects yield positive cash outflows, the investors would be able to reap those benefits. The proposal is to structure the funding on an equity basis, so the investors share both in the equity and the risk. This will provide both a high yield prospect, while assuaging any religious concerns.
There is therefore a profit incentive for investors, combined with the patriotism and good-will towards Pakistan, PTI and KPK. Such a funding program can also reel in incentives for Overseas Pakistanis to get more involved in KPK’s development initiatives.
By opening investment offices in major cities worldwide, OPIF will provide a direct link between the investor and KPK. Such offices can offer investors with investment options, present project status, and other positive relationship management aspects. KPK Overseas Centers could also attract private investment to start businesses in KPK. Running such offices efficiently and effectively would be key to the success of OPIF. KPK Overseas Centers can also help with marketing and managing the Overseas Pakistan Volunteer Program (OPVP) which we shall shortly consider.
The key to successfully garner investments from overseas Pakistanis is to provide a solid value proposition for the investment and administer the process in a competitive, legitimate and transparent manner. Every single step between the investor, his money, the KPK government and the invested project should be thoroughly transparent. Given that PTI has considerable legitimacy and good will among Overseas Pakistanis, funding will follow once the investors are satisfied with the process and value-proposition.  

Following are some of the ways that overseas Pakistanis can be utilized to help develop KPK. Equivalent intra-national programs are also possible and should be encouraged.
An Overseas Pakistan Volunteer Program (OPVP) would allow Pakistanis worldwide to volunteer to serve their country by coming to KPK. They could volunteer in a number of sectors including education, development and healthcare.
The teaching and mentoring program could see highly educated and accomplished Overseas Pakistanis coming to KPK to help educate young students. These could include university lectures and teaching at colleges and universities province-wide. Participants could volunteer a semester, or shorter or longer terms.
A very large number of Pakistani doctors serve outside Pakistan, among the best trained in the world. Given KPK’s healthcare status, these doctors and healthcare professionals can volunteer in KPK as well as help improve the local medical facilities.
A scholarship fund that looks to provide scholarships could also be started. The reviewers could come from Overseas Pakistanis, and funds raised could help students on merit to study at one of Pakistan’s major technical universities.
KPK Overseas Centers could also include a cell that enables local businesses to reach global customers. They could help local KPK businesses set up their first international offices in major trade hubs worldwide. This could help Pakistani businesses to look outwards in expanding their business. KPK Overseas Centers could thus manage:
1. Overseas Pakistan Investment Fund (OPIF)
2. Overseas Pakistan Volunteer Program (OPVP)
3. Overseas Pakistan Scholarship Fund (OPSF)
4. International KPK Business Units (IBUs)

Coming to the question of law and order, insaf (justice) has to be dispensed effectively and efficiently. The general populace tends to find the court system extremely inefficient and ineffective. They also find their sympathies in Islamic law as opposed to secular law. This provides the anti-state elements with their needed fuel and who can simply point to the Quran and show that those who do not live by the law of Allah are kafirun.
The only long-term solution to this is to implement an enlightened Islamic legal system, which was the solution one of the founding ideological fathers of Pakistan, Muhammad Asad, originally proposed. How this can be implemented in the face of extreme complexity, disagreement and divisiveness is outlined in the paper Marching to Waziristan by Meinhaj Hussain.

Drones have many peaceful and legitimate purposes that can help secure and benefit KPK. Raja Sabri Khan, Chief Executive of Integrated Dynamics, whose company has built and sold drones for a wide range of international clients including US border security has for a long time advocated better use of drones.
One potential use of drones would be to help secure KPK by constantly monitoring sensitive regions bordering the tribal belt. This could help secure the security situation within KPK, and used by provincial security forces. It could also be used for a wide variety of other peaceful purposes including searching for mineral deposits to monitoring wildlife, water-flows and forestry.
We of course know drones for their less peaceful purposes, that has cost Pakistan untold loss in blood, tears and more. It is likely that the PTI government may attempt to find ways to shut down the NATO supply route through KPK. In the event that PTI is unable to stop drone strikes, and has exhausted that and other options, and still wishes to do something about the drones the following may be one possible way to deal with drones.
In the event that drones are procured for the provincial security forces to secure KPK, KPK would have its own drones to fly. These could be unarmed drones that could, for instance, monitor intruders into KPK and give security forces a bird’s eye-view.
On numerous occasions, the border between KPK and the tribal belt is not followed by US drones. This allows the opportunity for US drones to be shot down by KPK drones, suitably modified to carry anti-aircraft missiles.
This sounds fantastic, yet is not only possible but Pakistan’s most respected drone specialist, Raja Sabri Khan has clearly and publicly stated that he can build drones to shoot down US drones. From a man who has built drones for customers worldwide, including US border security, this statement can be taken to mean that KPK could have a real option in shooting down any drones that may come its way, or is just over the border in the tribal belt.

 

The centrepiece of this policy brief has been energy, given that energy is at the core of the other major problems such as economic development and employment. The two main thrusts of this policy paper is large scale hydel solutions and small scale, yet scalable Personal Wind Turbines (PWTs).
PWT and other sustainable solutions such as permaculture outlined in this paper focus on people self-empowerment rather than government dependence. They provide a solution well-matched to KPK residents’ cultural characteristics. The e-commerce solution also taps into that same culture of self-sufficiency and independence.
One key advantage that KPK holds over other provinces is in its ability to offer hydel solutions on a tiny KW scale up to thousands of megawatt. KPK is truly hydel country. The biggest challenge in exploiting these resources has been the initial capital expenditure required for both the power plant AND the transmission network to enable generation.
The key to such an initiative is to find the right funding source, the right human resource to push the initiative forward and taking stock of the industrial underpinnings on how the policy can be implemented. As for funding, we look to tap into the Overseas Pakistani resource. If we can develop that funding source effectively, we may need very little else, given the untapped nature of this resource that PTI so effectively garnered for elections. However, Overseas Pakistanis can provide a lot more than just funding. They can provide the expertise that can make these projects truly successful. 


Vision Without Glasses

1 comments:

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