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The Name and History Page 1

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The Name
 Freemasonry is known by this name the world over. This name consists of two words: Free, or unrestricted, unencumbered; Masonry, profession, and it also means profession of construction.

Each Freemason calls his fellow in the association a "brother." This designation has become a distinguishing mark for each member in each Freemasonic lodge the world over.

One would ask about the inception of Freemasonry and about its most important time.

Inception: The letters of its original charter have been effaced; its ides are spotted with legends. Therefore, readers of that certificate are in disagreement on determining the date of establishment.

The first opinion: In the view of some scholars, Freemasonry was born when Moses (peace be upon him) was with his people in the wilderness.

In the papers of the Egyptian National Grand Lodge of the Accepted Old Freemasons of Egypt and the Arab Countries we find Freemasonic periodical number 1, bearing the year 5956, which is the year of light which, by their convention, occurred forty centuries before the birth of Christ (peace be upon him).

The second opinion: In the view of other scholars, the first founder of Freemasonry was Herod the Second, Jerusalem governor for the Roman State.

With his two Jewish councilors, Ahiram Abiyud and Moav Levi, he established a secret society called Hidden Force, with the objective of resisting the missionary activities of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him). While propagating the disappearance of the Temple of Solomon, so that a stone thereof would not come into contact with any other less holy, Herod the Second's aim was the eviction of the group believing in that missionary. To this end, the Hidden Force society, with its secret council comprising nine members, headed by three, was enlisted.

The council held its first meeting on the 10th of August 43 in a place which they called "the Temple." They took a binding oath to keep their matter secret, to cooperate to the utmost, and to execute the council demands: any deviation would result in death; there would be no compassion, mercy, nor mediation.

The Hidden Force society called its Temple the Grand East Star, from which temples in and outside Palestine emanated. Within Palestine, there were 40 temples, bringing together men of authority, henchmen and base-minded flatterers. The Temple of Rome in the center of the Roman Empire was one of the most famous temples of that age.

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